What would be considered skills for a programmer in this case is listed in ONET as tasks:
- Write, update, and maintain computer programs or software packages to handle specific jobs such as tracking inventory, storing or retrieving data, or controlling other equipment.
- Write, analyze, review, and rewrite programs, using workflow chart and diagram, and applying knowledge of computer capabilities, subject matter, and symbolic logic.
- Data base management system software — Microsoft SQL Server; MySQL software; Oracle procedural language/structured query language PL/SQL; Pick software
- Data base user interface and query software — dBase Plus; IEA Software Emerald; Microsoft Access; Structured query language SQL
- Development environment software — C; Microsoft Visual Basic; Tier generator software; Xerces2 Java Parser
- Object or component oriented development software — C++; Greatis Object Inspector; PowerSoft PowerBuilder; Sun Microsystems Java
- Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Another way to think of skill mismatch is a change in job definition or tasks. Employers may for whatever reason expand the role of a programmer to include also other tasks such as those of database administrators. For whatever reason that this may occur, it can also be considered a skill mismatch because programmers are not necessarily trained as database administrators. (I could throw out a ridiculous example of employers wanting laborers who also happen to be able to play the harmonica.)
But whichever definition of skills is used, the argument that the current high unemployment rate is a result of a skill mismatch is not based on any evidence that a shift in demand of skills has taken place due to technology adoption (unlike the computerization era of the 1980s.) or some other as yet unidentified shift in demand